Antibiotika-Appell Inhalte EN

Background information on our appeal

What is the general health threat?
What role does industrial animal husbandry play
What are CIA HP?
Current resistance situation

A (short) chronology of resistance evidence

In addition to regular governmental and European monitoring and reports (see above "Current resistance situation"), the results of individual investigations by NGOs, media and universities repeatedly point to the problem of antibiotic resistance. The following is a brief overview (without claim to completeness):

Who? When? What? Results

Greenpeace

2021

NGO-study

Slaughterhouse wastewater samples

Wastewater samples from seven slaughterhouses in three German states were taken.

30 of the 33 samples taken contained antibiotic-resistant germs.

11 samples were resistant to the most important reserve antibiotic Colistin.

Deutsche Umwelthilfe

2021

NGO-study

Analysis of 62 turkey meat samples from different locations in Germany

31 Lidl and 31 Aldi stores

One in three turkey meat samples from Lidl and one in four from Aldi was contaminated with antibiotic-resistant germs.

On every fourth Lidl turkey meat sample (26 percent particularly health-threatening pathogens were found.

Germanwatch

2020

NGO-study

Ranking of EU chicken meat groups according to contamination with antibiotic-resistant pathogens

165 meat samples from the top 3 EU poultry meat groups.

More than one in two chicken meat samples (51 percent on average) from three of Europe's largest poultry groups carry resistance to one or more antibiotics at a time.

On average, more than one in three chickens (35 percent) carry antibiotic-resistant pathogens with resistance to emergency antibiotics (reserve antibiotics) into the food chain.

Germanwatch

2019

NGO-study

Antibiotic-resistant pathogens on chicken meat

59 chicken samples from industrial meat production - 56% were contaminated with germs.

Forschungsverbund RESET

2016

Research project

Detection of resistance genes in animals and humans

Resistance gene mcr-1 (insensitive to colistin [CIA HP]) was found in three porcine and one human isolate.

Federal Office of Consumer Protection and Food Safety

2015

Federal-agency-report

Antibiotic Consumption and Dissemination of Antimicrobial-resistance in human and veterinary medicine in Germany

S. aureus isolates from poultry showed resistance rates up to almost 70% to the penicillins, tetracycline and erythromycin.

In isolates from pigs, a rate of Florfenicol, a proportion of 88% intermediate-resistant isolates was found.

Total antibiotics dispensed in veterinary medicine 2014: 1,238 t

HICARE in the course of the competition "Health Regions of the Future" by BMBF

2011 - 2015

HICARE - Action alliance against multi-resistant bacteria

(6 project fields)

In the course of the project, it became clear that for some multi-resistant pathogens, a link between reservoirs in humans and animals is epidemiologically significant.

BUND (Friends of the Earth Germany)

7.1.2015 (s. auch und auch)

NGO-study

Turkey meat sample of the BUND

88% of samples (50 out of 57) were contaminated with antibiotic-resistant germs.

Freie Universität Berlin

2012

BMBF - Research project

Examination of farms and antimicrobial resistant bacteria

44 pig farms and 16 broiler farms were investigated - 60% of pigs and every broiler farm were suspected of ESBL.

Also: vegetables and soil treated with antibiotic-laden fertilizer showed residues. Vegetables were contaminated with ESBL microorganisms.

BUND (Friends of the Earth Germany)

2012

NGO-study

Sample of the BUND

ESBL germs found on 10 of 20 meat samples

Stern TV

2012

Media-study

from Stern TV, 38 meat-samples examined

ESBL-positive germs found in 19 of 38 samples.

Pork: germs in two out of ten samples

Chicken meat: 17 out of 28 samples were contaminated.

Among them also samples with strict seals such as Demeter, Bio or Naturland.

Research-project RESET

2010 - 2017

Federal Ministry of Education and Research - Research project

Various studies on resistance in animals and humans

Samples with ESBL- or AmpC-producing e-coli were found in a very high proportion of the facilities investigated.

Under treatment of groups of animals with antibiotics, regardless of the method of application, carryover into the immediate environment of the animals can occur.

Paul-Ehrlich-Gesellschaft für Chemotherapie e.V. + BVL

2008

GERMAP 2008 - Report on antibiotic consumption and prevalence of AR in human and veterinary medicine in Germany.  

A large number of new active ingredients for veterinary use are not expected in the future. Therefore, maintaining the efficacy of the active ingredients currently available for veterinary medicine is of particular importance. .

Federal Ministry of Health, Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture, Federal Ministry of Education and Research

2008 - 2013

DART (2011)

In the veterinary field, the antibiotic resistance strategy aims to reduce the emergence and spread of resistance in human and animal pathogenic bacteria. Responsible use of antibiotics should ensure consumer health protection without compromising animal health.

Joint Committee on the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Husbandary and Veterinary Medicine 

1969

SWANN-Report

 

Relationship between antibiotic use in feed and development of resistant bacterial strains in humans was discovered.

Antibiotic resistance: a global problem
Selected sources and information materials